Health A-Z

How to Lower Your Risk of Heart Disease and Stroke


Cardiovascular diseases are the top causes of death worldwide. It is estimated that 17.9 million people died from cardiovascular diseases in 2019, which is 32% of people who died globally. Out of these deaths, 85% were caused by heart attacks and stroke. Most cardiovascular diseases are preventable by a change in lifestyle, especially in the UAE, where people live a sedentary lifestyle. Strokes and heart attacks are acute occurrences caused by a blockage that obstructs blood flow to the brain or heart.

Symptoms of Heart Disease and Stroke

You might not show symptoms of heart disease, a stroke or a heart attack might be the first sign. Heart attack symptoms include;

·       Discomfort or pain at the center of your chest and/or

·       Pain or discomfort in the left shoulder, arms, jaws, elbows, or back.

You might also experience;

·       Difficulty breathing, shortness of breath

·       Nausea and vomiting

·       A cold sweat

·       Light headedness or dizziness.

More women are likely to experience vomiting, nausea, jaw or back pain, and shortness of breath than men.

Ways to Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke


Everybody wants to live a long healthy life. Here are ways to lower your risk of getting strokes and heart disease if you’ve never had one.

Know Your Risk

It is vital to know your risk factors because it helps you to know how to take control of your health. Common risk factors include high blood pressure and high cholesterol. High blood pressure is a primary risk factor because it damages because it damages the lining of your arteries. It causes them to become more vulnerable to plaque build-up, this narrows the heart and brain arteries.

It is necessary to consult the best cardiologists Dubai to understand how to have your blood pressure under control. Consuming excess sodium can cause high blood pressure. High LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol increases your risk of getting heart disease twice. Excess cholesterol builds up on arterial walls and obstructs blood flow to your brain, heart, kidneys, legs, and other organs.

Live a Tobacco-Free Life

Living a tobacco-free life has many health benefits, and unlike what some people think, there are no safe tobacco products. Tobacco use increases your stroke and heart disease risk. It leads to plaque build-up in the arteries, which increases the risk of developing blood clots, reduces oxygen levels in your blood, and puts too much pressure on the heart.

Second-hand smoke is also dangerous to you and those around you. It can be challenging to quit smoking because it is a psychological and physical addiction. However, with the right help and determination, you can quit and start your recovery journey.

Watch Your Weight

Maintaining a healthy weight is one of the most important ways to promote brain and heart health. Weight loss can be a daunting task, but you should approach it with a positive attitude. Maintaining a healthy weight is as easy as taking a few steps every day, and then you can increase this if you want.

Include more fruits and vegetables in your diet and switch to cereals and wholegrain bread. Read nutritional labels of foods before buying them. Avoid processed food because they are high in saturated fats, sodium, and sugar. Stay hydrated by drinking water and avoiding sugary drinks.


Exercising is beneficial to your heart health. Exercising regularly can help maintain healthy body weight, lower blood pressure, reduce inflammation all over the body, and lower the risk of developing diabetes. The most significant benefit of exercising is to control most heart disease risk factors. Although exercising has many benefits, it is advisable to combine it with a healthy diet. Exercise has other benefits like;

·       Reducing stress hormones that can stress your heart

·       Improving your muscles’ ability to absorb oxygen from the blood, therefore, reducing the need for the heart to pump more blood to the muscles

·       Increases good cholesterol and helps to manage triglycerides

·       Lowers blood pressures

·       Slows heart rate.

The best form of exercise benefits your heart and physical health.

Regular Screenings

High cholesterol and high blood pressure damage your blood vessels and heart. However, if you don’t go for regular screening, you might have these conditions and never know. You should go for blood pressure screening at least once every 2 years, starting at 18 years. If you have a risk factor for heart disease and stroke and between the ages of 18 to 39, annual screening is necessary.

Cholesterol level tests are also important and are conducted every 4 to 6 years for adults and usually start at 20. Type 2 diabetes screening is also crucial because diabetes is a risk factor for heart disease. Screening usually begins at age 45, but your doctor might recommend early screening if you have diabetes risk factors like being overweight.

Take Your Medication

It is necessary to heed your doctor’s advice if you have an underlying condition like taking your medication to control blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar. Avoid self-medication because it can cause severe side effects like bleeding.

Avoid Stress

Stress is not bad; however, too much can increase your risk of stroke and heart disease. Too much stress makes your heart beat faster, makes you feel sick, and can last for weeks or more. Heart disease and stroke are linked to stress. It makes your heart beat faster, elevates blood pressure, and increases fat and sugar levels in the blood.

These factors can increase the chances of developing clots in the brain and heart, leading to stroke or heart attack. Stress can also prevent you from embracing a healthy lifestyle which might cause you to overeat, smoke, eat junk food, etc. These actions can increase the risk of stroke and heart disease. It is vital to control your stress or ask for help.


Heart disease and stroke are leading killers globally, and they can become an obstruction to your daily life. You can prevent yourself from stroke and heart disease by following your doctor’s advice and living a healthy lifestyle.

Best doctors

Mediclinic Welcare Hospital LLC

Al Garhoud, Al Garhoud

Dr. Sandeep Kumar Golchha

Dr. Sandeep Kumar Golchha


N.m.c. Specialty Hospital

Amman Street, Al Nahda 2

Dr. Khalifa Muhammed

Dr. Khalifa Muhammed


Rashid Hospital

Dubai, Oudh Metha

Dr. Ramy Abdelkader

Dr. Ramy Abdelkader


Zulekha Hospital

Al Zahra Street, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

Dr. Layla Almarzooqi

Dr. Layla Almarzooqi


Al Zahra Pvt. Hospital

Al Barsha First, Al Barshaa 1

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