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How Much Do You Know about Fibromyalgia?

If you have fibromyalgia, you may be more sensitive to pain than people without. It can be difficult to understand fibromyalgia even for healthcare experts. It’s easy to confuse this condition symptoms with other illnesses and it is often misdiagnosed.


By Team ArabiaMD

 • 3 min read • 
How Much Do You Know about Fibromyalgia?

Understanding Fibromyalgia: Risk Factors and Symptoms

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes widespread pain, fatigue, sleep problems, and mental and emotional distress. It can be difficult to understand and diagnose due to its overlapping symptoms with other illnesses. In this article, we will discuss the risk factors and symptoms associated with fibromyalgia.

Risk Factors

Fibromyalgia is a complex condition with multiple risk factors. While the exact cause is unknown, scientists have identified several factors that can increase the likelihood of developing fibromyalgia.


  • Women are more likely to develop fibromyalgia than men.
  • Sex hormones, such as estrogen and testosterone, may play a role in the distribution, severity, and frequency of symptoms.
  • Fibromyalgia is more prevalent in young women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and can coincide with the start of menopause.

Psychological Stress

  • Fibromyalgia is known to develop in individuals with stress-related conditions like depression, chronic fatigue syndrome, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Psychological symptoms can trigger physical symptoms, and the association between fibromyalgia and conditions like depression might be cause-and-effect.


  • Fibromyalgia usually develops during childbearing years, but the risks increase with age.
  • It can take several years before chronic widespread pain is diagnosed as fibromyalgia.
  • Although rare, fibromyalgia can affect children and teenagers.


  • Genetics may play a role in the development of fibromyalgia, but it is not clear which specific genes are responsible.


Fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread pain and other associated symptoms. The severity and location of pain can vary among individuals. Here are some common symptoms of fibromyalgia:

  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Dry eyes
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Non-restorative sleep (sleeping for long periods but still feeling tired)
  • Dull ache or pain in the lower abdomen
  • Itching
  • Rash
  • Bladder problems
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

Fibro Fog

Fibro fog is another symptom of fibromyalgia characterized by cognitive difficulties. It can include memory lapses, trouble concentrating, and difficulty staying alert.

Fibromyalgia Pain

Pain is the most distinguishing symptom of fibromyalgia. The pain can be felt in various muscles and soft tissues throughout the body. Here are some specific types of pain associated with fibromyalgia:

  • Chest pain: Concentrated in the cartilage that links the ribs and breastbone. It can feel sharp, stabbing, or burning.
  • Leg pain: Similar to the stiffness caused by arthritis or soreness caused by a pulled muscle. It can feel deep, burning, throbbing, or accompanied by tingling or numbness. Restless leg syndrome may also coexist.
  • Back pain: Common, but not necessarily a sign of fibromyalgia. If accompanied by other symptoms like fatigue and brain fog, it may indicate fibromyalgia.

It is important to seek medical advice if you experience symptoms of fibromyalgia. Specialists, such as family medicine specialists in Dubai clinics, can provide a proper diagnosis and develop a treatment plan to manage the condition.