Living Healthy

How to Deal with High Cholesterol?

1/3 of heart disease is caused by high cholesterol, resulting in 2.6M deaths and 29.7M DALYs, according to WHO. It's a serious health issue.


By Team ArabiaMD

 • 3 min read • 
How to Deal with High Cholesterol?

High Cholesterol: Causes, Effects, and Prevention


High cholesterol is a serious condition that can have a negative impact on your health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), one-third of ischemic heart disease is linked to high cholesterol. It is estimated to cause 2.6 million deaths and 29.7 million Disability-adjusted Life Years (DALYs). Raising awareness about high cholesterol is crucial in combating this condition and preventing serious health issues.

What is High Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in the blood that helps create healthy cells. While some cholesterol is necessary for good health, too much can lead to problems like strokes and heart attacks in the future. High cholesterol can affect anyone, regardless of size, age, diet, or exercise habits. Many people with high cholesterol don't realize they have it because it often has no symptoms. Having your cholesterol checked regularly is important to identify and manage high cholesterol.

Effects of High Cholesterol

High cholesterol indicates that there is an excessive amount of cholesterol in your blood. Over time, this can lead to blockages in your blood vessels and serious problems. Excess cholesterol lines your arteries, forming plaque that hardens and causes atherosclerosis. Narrowed arteries make it difficult for blood to flow, requiring your heart to work harder and potentially leading to heart attacks. Blood clots can also form over the fat deposits in your arteries, blocking them completely and increasing the risk of a stroke or heart attack.

Prevention of High Cholesterol

Making healthy lifestyle choices can help lower high cholesterol. Here are some tips to prevent and manage high cholesterol:

  1. Choose Monosaturated Fats: Monosaturated fats are recommended by physicians to lower 'bad' cholesterol and increase 'good' cholesterol. Good sources of monosaturated fats include avocados, olive oil, olives, nut butters, and nuts.

  2. Avoid Trans Fats: Trans fats can increase 'bad' cholesterol levels in the body. Foods that commonly contain trans fats include some pizzas, fried fast foods, margarine, non-dairy coffee creamer, microwavable popcorn, and pastries.

  3. Exercise: Regular exercise can increase 'good' cholesterol levels and lower 'bad' cholesterol. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise daily, such as cycling, walking, or jogging, along with a healthy diet.

  4. Consider Soluble Fiber: Consumption of soluble fiber found in plants can help reduce 'bad' cholesterol levels. Good sources of soluble fiber include flaxseeds, peas, fruits, oat cereals, Brussels sprouts, beans, and lentils.

  5. Consume Polyunsaturated Fats: Polyunsaturated fats, particularly omega-3 fatty acids, can help lower 'bad' cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Good sources of omega-3 fatty acids include fatty fish, shellfish, deep-sea tuna, tree nuts, and seeds.

  6. Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of high cholesterol levels. Losing weight can lead to lower cholesterol levels and an increase in 'good' cholesterol. Work with a healthcare professional to create a weight loss plan.

  7. Quit Smoking: Smoking can have a negative impact on cholesterol levels and heart health. Quitting smoking can have multiple benefits for heart health and cholesterol levels.


High cholesterol is a significant health issue that can lead to serious complications such as heart attacks and strokes. It is important to take proactive steps in managing and preventing high cholesterol. Consulting with healthcare professionals, getting regular check-ups, and adopting a healthy lifestyle are key measures in maintaining healthy cholesterol levels.

High Cholesterol