Mental Wellbeing

How to Understand ADHD

Did you know that the average percentage rate of ADHD globally is 2.2% in children and adolescents below 18 years ranging between 0.1 and 8.1%?


By Team ArabiaMD

 • 3 min read • 
How to Understand ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Global Prevalence of ADHD

  • 2.2% prevalence in children and adolescents below 18 years
  • Range of 0.1% to 8.1% in children and adolescents
  • 2.8% prevalence in adults between 18 and 44 years

ADHD Throughout Life

  • ADHD is now acknowledged to persist into adulthood
  • Symptoms can vary based on age

What is ADHD?

  • Chronic condition that affects behavior
  • Starts in childhood and often continues into adulthood
  • Symptoms include trouble concentrating, restlessness, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity
  • Symptoms can become more noticeable in school
  • Some individuals never outgrow the condition
  • Treatment can help manage the symptoms but does not cure ADHD

Symptoms of ADHD in Children


  • Easily distracted
  • Making careless mistakes
  • Trouble organizing tasks
  • Difficulty focusing and following instructions
  • Disliking or avoiding tasks that require mental effort
  • Forgetting to do chores or daily activities
  • Losing items required for activities or tasks

Hyperactivity and Impulsivity:

  • Excessive talking
  • Fidgeting or squirming
  • Difficulty waiting for turn
  • Trouble sitting still
  • Interrupting or blurting out answers
  • Interrupting others' conversations or activities
  • Climbing or running around in inappropriate situations
  • Always being on the go

Symptoms of ADHD in Adults

  • Anxiety
  • Forgetfulness
  • Tendency to be late
  • Low self-esteem
  • Impulsiveness
  • Anger issues
  • Trouble staying organized
  • Problems at work
  • Substance misuse or addiction
  • Depression
  • Boredom
  • Frustration
  • Procrastination
  • Mood swings
  • Trouble concentrating when reading
  • Relationship problems

Causes of ADHD

  • Genes and heredity (ADHD tends to run in families)
  • Differences in brain anatomy and function
  • Drinking, smoking, infections, poor nutrition, and substance abuse during pregnancy
  • Brain disorders or injuries
  • Toxins like lead

Complications Caused by ADHD

  • Poor self-esteem
  • Struggling in the classroom
  • Trouble interacting or being accepted by others
  • Increased risk of injuries and accidents
  • Increased risk of substance abuse

Diagnosis of ADHD

  • Diagnosis can be challenging, especially in children
  • Physician considers symptoms, duration, and rules out other factors
  • Diagnostic tests may include a social and medical history, physical exam, neurological assessment, and psychological evaluation

Living with ADHD

  • ADHD can make life challenging, but with the right treatment, individuals can live normal lives
  • Seek help from psychiatrists or medical professionals if you suspect ADHD
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