Living Healthy

What You Need to Know about Strokes

There are two main types of ischemic stroke. One is a thrombotic stroke that occurs when there is a blood clot in an artery supplying blood to the brain.


By Team ArabiaMD

 • 3 min read • 
What You Need to Know about Strokes

Types of Strokes:

There are five different types of strokes. Each type has its own causes, symptoms, risk factors, and complications. These types include:

  1. Ischemic Stroke:

    • Most common type of stroke.
    • Caused by a blockage of blood supply in the blood vessels due to a blood clot.
    • Symptoms vary depending on the part of the brain affected.
    • Risk factors include age, irregular heartbeat, family history of stroke, heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking.
    • Complications include fluid build-up, bleeding or swelling in the brain, problems with understanding and memory, and seizures.
  2. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) or Mini-Stroke:

    • Caused by a temporary blockage of blood flow to the brain.
    • Symptoms last for a short period of time.
    • Often a warning sign that an ischemic stroke may occur in the future.
    • Risk factors include age, obesity, family history of stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, smoking, and atrial fibrillation.
  3. Cryptogenic Stroke or Stroke with Unknown Cause:

    • Type of stroke that occurs with an unknown cause.
    • Requires multiple tests for diagnosis.
    • Rare and complicated type of stroke.
  4. Hemorrhagic Stroke:

    • Caused by bleeding in the brain that damages nearby cells.
    • Symptoms include high blood pressure, bleeding problems, abnormal blood vessels, injury, cocaine use, and aneurysm.
    • Two main types: subarachnoid hemorrhage and intracerebral hemorrhage.
    • Risk factors include age, uncontrolled high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, previous stroke, smoking, lack of exercise, obesity, family history of stroke, and unhealthy diet.
    • Complications include seizures, heart problems, permanent neurological disability, thinking and memory problems, and eating and swallowing problems.
  5. Brain Stem Stroke:

    • Stroke that occurs in the brain stem.

Diagnosis and Treatments of Stroke:


  • Seek medical attention within 3 hours of experiencing stroke symptoms.
  • Diagnostic tests include physical examination, CT scan, carotid ultrasound, echocardiogram, blood test, MRI scan, cerebral angiogram, and electrocardiogram.


  • Treatment depends on the type of stroke.
  • Ischemic stroke and TIA treatment options include clot breaking drugs, mechanical thrombectomy, stents, and surgery.
  • Hemorrhagic stroke treatment options include medication, coiling, clamping, and surgery.
  • Medications used for stroke include anticoagulants, statins, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), antiplatelet drugs, and blood pressure drugs.
  • Rehabilitation, including therapy and support systems such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, support groups, physical therapy, and support from family and friends, is necessary for recovery.

Prevention of Stroke:

  • Healthy lifestyle choices can help prevent strokes.
  • Measures to prevent strokes include eating a healthy diet, regular exercise, avoiding or moderating smoking and drinking, and maintaining a healthy weight.

Stroke is a serious disease with permanent effects. Prevention is important, but if you or someone else experiences stroke symptoms, seek immediate medical attention. Contact a stroke treatment expert for help.

NeurologyStroke Symptoms